The perennial orchard is the classic application of permaculture design. It features a diverse integration of canopy, sub canopy trees, nitrogen fixating trees, shrubs and under story plants - all displaying compatibility and a functional diversity.
Other dynamics can be added - by integration with other farm systems, creating swales for water capture and planting, incorporating animals, hugelkultur, and adding additional layers likemushrooms and vines. The end result is a highly productive system that provides the main food source within a permaculture design.
- Propagation: Techniques used for propagation of your own perennial plants and selecting for desired genetic traits.
- Plant Guilds: Creating symbiotic associations of plants focused on supporting health of target productive species or creating a range of species that produce at similar times.
- Incorporating Animals: Ways to incorporate some common types of animals and benefit from some of the beneficial functions to create supplementary yields and improve the health of orchard plants.