The perennial orchard is the classic application of permaculture design. It features a diverse integration of canopy, sub canopy trees, nitrogen fixating trees, shrubs and under story plants - all displaying compatibility and a functional diversity.
Other dynamics can be added - by integration with other farm systems, creating swales for water capture and planting, incorporating animals, hugelkultur, and adding additional layers like mushrooms and vines. The end result is a highly productive system that provides the main food source within a permaculture design.
The following topics are covered in this module:
- Orchard design: Companion planting of mutually beneficial species and good examples for NZ conditions.
- Incorporating animals: Successfully incorporating small fowl into an orchard.
- Propagation techniques: Methods to produce cheap trees, shrubs, herbs and other perennials at home.